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Effect of Climatic and Ecological Conditions of the North on Ageing Processes. P. 5–17

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Section: Physiology

UDC

612.821–053.9+574.24+57.045+159.91

Authors

Irina S. Deputat*, Irina N. Deryabina*, Aleksandra N. Nekhoroshkova*, Anatoliy V. Gribanov*
*Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)
Corresponding author: Irina Deputat, address: proezd Badigina 3, Arkhangelsk, 163045, Russian Federation;
e-mail: i.deputat@narfu.ru

Abstract

The article presents a review of current scientific approaches to human ageing in the North. Ageing is a burning issue both in Russia and the rest of the world. To preserve body functions in older adults living in harsh climate is becoming increasingly important. The number of research on ecological physiology and polar medicine has been growing continually. However, we need to systematize the available scientific data and develop clear theoretical and practical solutions to the problems of human life in the North. The paper dwells on the ecological factors adversely affecting human health in the North and contributing to the development of polar stress syndrome. Further, it presents the results of the research into certain mechanisms accelerating ageing processes in the North due to disturbance of neuroendocrine regulation. In addition, it describes the research on the link between premature ageing and accelerated development of cardiovascular diseases, as well as on the shift of growing morbidity and mortality rates in non-native inhabitants of the North to the young and middle working age, etc. Special attention is paid to the influence of psycho-emotional stress on northerners during ageing. Further, the article presents data on the link between the efficiency of adaptation to adverse climatic and ecological factors of high latitudes and functional brain asymmetry. Moreover, the importance of research into the mechanisms of human adaptation and maladjustment in the North is highlighted here, as it reflects peculiarities of the formation of pathological conditions, thus helping to prevent them in the elderly and old age.

Keywords

climatic and ecological conditions of the North, older adults, ageing, polar stress syndrome, northern stress, brain asymmetry, brain energy state
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