Legal and postal addresses of the publisher: office 1410a, 17 Naberezhnaya Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov

Phone: (818-2) 21-61-21


Movements of the Centre of Gravity in Women Aged 55–64 Years at Risk of Becoming Geriatric Fallers. P. 5–13

Версия для печати

Section: Physiology




Aleksandr V. Demin*, Anatoliy V. Gribanov*, Mikhail N. Pankov*,
Ol’ga N. Popova**, Andrey B. Gudkov*/**
*Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov (Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)
**Northern State Medical University (Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation)


Falls due to old age is a serious problem for the elderly. Although they are typical for people aged 65 years and over, recent evidence suggests that women are at risk of falling as early as at 50. Therefore, this work aimed to study the characteristics of oscillatory movements of the centre of gravity (CG) within the base of support in women aged 55–64 years at risk of becoming geriatric fallers. The research involved 88 women aged between 55 and 64 years (mean age 60.2 ± 3.2 years). The group under study included 44 women who had experienced two or more falls in the previous 6–8 months (at risk of becoming geriatric fallers). The control group consisted of 44 women of the same age who had not experienced a single fall within the previous 12 months. To assess the characteristics of CG movements, Smart Equitest Balance Manager was used. The following tests were performed: Motor Control Test (MCT) and Rhythmic Weight Shift (RWS). A comparative evaluation of MCT identified a decline in postural response in women aged 55–64 years at risk of becoming geriatric fallers. The analysis of the RWS test revealed deteriorated quality of CG control in the frontal and sagittal planes, as well as decreased CG movement rate in the sagittal plane in women aged 55–64 years at risk of becoming geriatric fallers. Thus, declining postural response and deteriorating quality of CG control in the frontal and sagittal planes in women aged 55–64 years increase their risk of becoming geriatric fallers.


women aged 55–64 years, computerized posturography (stabilometry), centre of gravity, falls, postural instability, rate of ageing, quality of life
Download (pdf, 1.6MB )


  1. Gudkov A.B., Demin A.V., Gribanov A.V. Kharakteristika postural’nogo kontrolya u zhenshchin pozhilogo vozrasta s sindromom padeniy [Postural Control Characteristics in Elderly Women with Falls]. Uspekhi gerontologii, 2015, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 513–520. 
  2. Lord S.R., Close C.T., Sherrington C., Menz H.B. Falls in Older People: Risk Factors and Strategies for Prevention. Cambridge, 2007. 408 p. 
  3. Tideiksaar R. Falls in Older People: Prevention & Management. Baltimore, 2010. 312 p. 
  4. Ersoy Y., MacWalter R.S., Durmus B., Altay Z.E., Baysal O. Predictive Effects of Different Clinical Balance Measures and the Fear of Falling on Falls in Postmenopausal Women Aged 50 Years and Over. Gerontology, 2009, vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 660–665. 
  5. Demin A.V., Moroz T.P., Gribanov A.V., Torshin V.I. Kharakteristika postural’no-motornogo kontrolya u zhenshchin pozhilogo vozrasta s sindromom padeniy [Postural-Motor Control Characteristics in Older Female Fallers]. Ekologiya cheloveka, 2016, no. 5, pp. 30–35. 
  6. Pereira C.L., Baptista F., Infante P. Men Older Than 50 Yrs Are More Likely to Fall Than Women Under Similar Conditions of Health, Body Composition, and Balance. Am. J. Phys. Med. Rehabil., 2013, vol. 92, no. 12, pp. 1095–1103. 
  7. Panel on Prevention of Falls in Older Persons, American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society. Summary of the Updated American Geriatrics Society / British Geriatrics Society Clinical Practice Guideline for Prevention of Falls in Older Persons. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 2011, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 148–157. 
  8. Voytenko V.P. Zdorov’e zdorovykh. Vvedenie v sanologiyu [The Health of Healthy Persons. Introduction to Sanology]. Kiev, 1991. 246 p. 
  9. Maruish M.E. User’s Manual for the SF–36v2 Health Survey. Lincoln, 2011. 330 p. 
  10. Carette P., Kemoun G., Thibaud M., Breque C., Dugué B. Could Home Be an Appropriate Location for Performing Posturographic Assessments in Elderly Subjects? Neurophysiol. Clin., 2012, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 133–137. 
  11. Gudkov A.B., Demin A.V. Osobennosti postural’nogo balansa u muzhchin pozhilogo i starcheskogo vozrasta s sindromom strakha padeniya [Peculiarities of Postural Balance Among Elderly Men with Fear of Falling Syndrome]. Uspekhi gerontologii, 2012, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 166–170. 
  12. Hurt C.P., Rosenblatt N., Crenshaw J.R., Grabiner M.D. Variation in Trunk Kinematics Influences Variation in Step Width During Treadmill Walking by Older and Younger Adults. Gait Posture, 2010, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 461–464. 
  13. Clark S., Rose D.J. Evaluation of Dynamic Balance Among Community-Dwelling Older Adult Fallers: A Generalizability Study of the Limits of Stability Test. Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil., 2001, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 468–474. 
  14. Liaw M.Y., Chen C.L., Chen J.F., Tang F.T., Wong A.M., Ho H.H. Effects of Knight-Taylor Brace on Balance Performance in Osteoporotic Patients with Vertebral Compression Fracture. J. Back Musculoskelet. Rehabil., 2009, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 75–81.